In the last session of the UN Human Rights Committee, which monitors member states for compliance with the UN Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Philippine Justice Secretary Jesus Crispin Remulla defended the so-called “red-tagging” of government critics by the government in Geneva on October 10, 2022. The practice of “red-tagging” means the accusation of supporting the armed communist insurgency in the Philippines. Remulla’s personal view is that “red-tagging” is also a right of the government and the “essence of democracy” because if you can “dish it out,” you should also be able to “take it.”
Human rights lawyer Raphael A. Pangalangan discusses in his column that freedom of expression is after all a “one-way street.” This is described in Article III, Section 4 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, which states that while there is a fundamental right to freedom of expression, there is no “sovereign right” to it. That means, strictly speaking, states do not have a right to freedom of expression but are obligated to protect this right of civil society. Moreover, “‘red-tagging’ is not part of democracy,” Pangalangan said, “but a conduct” that falls within the “realm of regulation.”
France Castro, a member of the Philippine House of Representatives, also joined the critical voices against Remulla, stressing that “‘red-tagging’ is part of a tyrannical rule and a dictatorship where the people are silenced and criminalized by those in power.”
The Philippine organization Universal Periodic Review (UPR) Watch stated that “red-tagging” has no place in a democratic and civilized society. The group is also involved in the UPR process of the UN Human Rights Council. “Red-tagging, especially by state forces and their adjuncts, has dire consequences on persons, families, organizations, and communities,” UPR Watch said.
The most recent case of “red-tagging” hit editor-in-chief Ronalyn V. Olea of the progressive online news portal Bulatlat in October 2022, when she was defamed as a “supporter” of the Communist Party of the Philippines-New People’s Army (CPP-NPA) in a SMNI broadcast. Bulatlat called on SMNI to put an end to “red-tagging.”